In this post, I’ll take a look at wage differences between genders and age groups for various occupation types in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Data and Methodology:
The results were generated from the same dataset and code used in the previous post. It is important to remember that the data is in current dollars, and has not been adjusted for inflation.
The below graphs show the average wages for men and women for the different age groups.
Positive analysis: There is not much data for part-time employees, but it does appear that overall, men and women are paid roughly the same. The data for total employees is noisy, which makes interpretation difficult. In 2013, the average wage of men was higher than women, in 2012, the average wage of women was higher than men.
For full-time employees, there are more obvious differences. Men have a higher wage than women in most occupations, but the gap appears to be narrowing. In business, health, and sciences, the average wages for men and women are approximately equal. With respect to the different age groups, the middle category (25-54) seemed to have enjoyed the largest gains in income. The average income for those between 25-54 and is grown higher than those over 55 in many occupations. This trend seems more noticeable after 2008.
The largest occupation in Newfoundland and Labrador, according to this StatsCan table, is Sales and Service. Below is a table showing the average wages for this occupation for the different provinces:
We can see that Newfoundland and Labrador used to have a larger gender gap than the other provinces, but it has since narrowed and is now roughly in line with the average. We also see that the trend of the 25-54 group out-earning those over 55 is seen in many of the other provinces as well, but only New Brunswick shows it to the same extent as seen in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Normative analysis: It appears to me that the gender gap is narrowing, especially in the 25-54 group. The thing I find most surprising is how the 25-54 group now significantly out-earns the 55+ group in many occupations. Please leave a reply if you have thoughts on this.